Sinus Infections and Asthma: Symptoms, Effects, and Treatments
This article explains the relationship between Sinus infections and Asthma, what is sinusitis, how are asthma and sinusitis treated, synoblocchial syndrome, symptoms of sinobronchial syndrome, how is sinusitis treated and much more topics.
Sinusitis and asthma
Most people with asthma can develop sinusitis. According to statistics, asthma of moderate severity is accompanied by chronic sinusitis.
In addition to all the troubles that asthma carries, sinusitis or sinus infection only multiplies them. This can cause feelings of pain and helplessness. Without proper treatment, the disease can last for months or even years. And even worse, this one symptom can be replaced by another, more serious. Basically, sinusitis is associated with a severe form of asthma. Not only does asthma increase the likelihood of contracting sinusitis, but sinusitis can complicate the treatment and control of asthma.
But there is good news. There are many ways to treat both sinus infections and asthma. Studies have shown that treating one disease will help improve the course of another. The key is an intensive treatment of both diseases at once.
What is sinusitis?
Although the body has many different sinuses, but this term refers specifically to the paranasal sinuses. This is a group of four cavities on the face near cheeks and eyes. They are associated with the nasal passages and help to heat, moisturize and filter the air we inhale. Sinusitis is an inflammation and infection that affects these cavities.
Since the sinuses are near the nose, they are easily irritated or inflamed due to contact with allergens, viruses or bacterial infection. The most common pathogens of sinusitis:
- Cold or viral infection
- Pollution of the environment, smog
- Allergens present in the atmosphere
- Dry or cold air
When tissues in sinuses are irritated, they begin to produce mucus. When the sinuses are clogged with mucus and because of this oxygen can not freely circulate through them, one can feel a painful contraction in the sinuses. Similar symptoms occur and with a sine headache.
Symptoms of sinusitis can be varied, depending on which sinuses are affected. But most often there may be a pain in places such as:
- Upper jaw and teeth
- Eye area
- Neck, ears, top of head
More acute sinusitis can be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Formation of thick yellow or green mucus
- Unpleasant taste of nasopharyngeal mucus
- A sore throat
Usually, infection of the nasal sinuses is caused by viruses, for example, a virus of colds. But if the sinuses are blocked by the mucus for a long time, then the bacteria can spread further, thereby causing a secondary infection. Multiple infections of the nasal sinuses lead to chronic sinusitis.
What is the relationship between asthma and sinusitis?
Most studies confirm the relationship between sinusitis and asthma. A 2006 study showed that when compared with asthmatics in asthmatic patients with sinusitis:
- More serious asthma symptoms
- More acute sudden exacerbations of the disease
- Most often, restless sleep
Everyone has a risk of developing sinusitis. The same 2006 study showed that sinusitis, associated with asthma, is more likely to develop in women than in men. In addition, sinusitis is more common in the white population than in other racial groups. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and smoking significantly increase the risk of sinusitis in asthmatic patients.
Scientists suggest that the more acute asthma attacks, the more debilitating is sinusitis. In acute asthma, sinusitis only complicates its control and treatment.
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How is asthma and sinusitis treated?
Treatment is a very important stage in controlling the disease. And since sinusitis and asthma are related, the treatment of sinusitis will improve the symptoms of asthma.
If you have sinusitis and asthma, your doctor can recommend the following:
- Steroid nasal aerosols that reduce swelling. Reduction of inflammatory processes will allow sinuses to function normally.
- Antidiarrheal medications or antihistamine.
- Painkillers (if necessary) will reduce discomfort and discomfort.
Before you start using anti-decontaminated aerosols, talk to your doctor. Sometimes they can give the opposite result: even more to lay a nose. Therefore, it is possible to wash the nose with warm salt water instead of aerosols or breathe over steam.
If a secondary infection develops in the sinuses, then in this case only antibiotics will help. The doctor can prescribe antibiotics for a period of 10 to 14 days. But remember that antibiotics work only with a bacterial infection. They will not help get rid of the virus.
For people with severe allergies, the main task is to stay away from allergens. This will not only reduce the severity of the symptoms of asthma but also prevent the occurrence of infections in the nasal sinuses. Try to avoid such allergic pathogens and irritants, as, for example, cigarette smoke. You can also ask your doctor about immunotherapy.
In some cases, more drugs may be needed. The physical problems of the nasal passages can lead to the development of chronic sinusitis. This includes narrowing the nasal passages, the curvature of the nasal septum or the formation of polyps – small bumps in the nose. Sometimes the solution to this problem is only surgical intervention.
Can postnazalny become pregnant cause asthma?
Postnazalny zatek is an unscientific term that refers to a feeling of unpleasant mucus in the throat that can spread the infection. The glands in the nose and throat constantly produce mucus (from 0.5 to 1 l per day). This helps to clean the nasal membranes, heal the inhaled air and hold the inhaled foreign particles. Slime also helps fight infections.
In the usual situation, the throat is moistened with secretions from the nasal and laryngeal mucous glands. This is part of the mucus forming system with thin hairs, which protects us from the disease. When the amount of the secretion of the glands of the nose and the sinuses decreases, the hair of the nose and sinuses drop, a layer of liquid on the surface thickens and you begin to sense its presence. And since the thickened layer of mucus is unpleasant and most often can spread infections, our body naturally tries to get rid of it by a strong cough and cleaning the throat.
How is the synoblocchial syndrome associated with asthma?
Sinobronchial syndrome is a combination of sinusitis and the effects of lower respiratory symptoms such as bronchitis or asthma. During synobronchial syndrome, nasal sinus disease can cause an aggravation of the allergic reaction or the spread of the infection – or develop into a chronic one. Lung disease – one of the several serious types such as acute infectious bronchitis, recurrent bronchitis, chronic bronchitis or asthma – is very difficult to control.
It is believed that infection of the nasal sinuses, a consequence of diseases of the lower respiratory tract such as asthma, is due to the constant swelling of infectious secretions from the posterior nasal passage into the larynx. Irritation of the larynx causes compression of the bronchus due to signal transmission to the nervous system. Or, to provoke a secondary inflammatory reaction in the lungs can postnazalny zatek infectious secretions from the upper respiratory tract, which also causes an attack of asthma or bronchitis.
What are the symptoms of sinobronchial syndrome?
During the sinobrachial syndrome, minor symptoms in the nasal and thoracic area can be felt, including shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing with sputum, stuffy nose, fever, headache and tightness in the chest area. Along with signs of inflammation of the nasal sinuses or the spread of inflammation, painful sensations or increased sinus sensitivity, there may be a constant outflow of fluid from the glands and sinuses, wheezing, coughing and other respiratory symptoms or symptoms of asthma.
How is sinusitis treated?
There is no single effective method to prevent the development of sinusitis. But there are some tips that can help reduce the risk of sinusitis.
Use steroid aerosols regularly to prevent further spread of the infection. This is especially important in the case of recurrent or chronic sinusitis.
- If there is an allergy, then try to avoid contact with allergens and irritants.
- Take asthma medication as prescribed. By controlling the symptoms of asthma, you can reduce the risk of developing sinusitis in an acute form.
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