This article explains different types of asthma, which are:
- Allergy and asthma
- Stress Asthma
- Cough Asthma
- Occupational asthma
- Night Asthma
- Diseases with symptoms similar to asthma symptoms
Types of Asthma
Allergy and asthma: one of the most common types of asthma
Allergy and asthma rarely exist without each other. Allergic rhinitis (also called hay fever) – inflammation of the inside of the nasal cavity, one of the most common chronic allergic diseases. In people with allergic rhinitis, hypersensitivity (allergy) to substances that provoke immune cells in the body to produce histamine to fight the allergen. Histamine together with other substances causes an exacerbation of allergic symptoms. Usually, the most known and common allergens enter the body through the respiratory tract.
At an allergic rhinitis, there can be an incessant rhinitis, constant sneezing, an inflammation of nasal passages, excessive allocation of slime, watery eyes. Because of the constant postnasal swelling, cough may begin. The cause of worsening of asthma symptoms is allergic rhinitis. The attending physician can prescribe medications that can control allergies, and they may also have a beneficial effect on cough and other symptoms of asthma.
Asthma tension is a type of asthma, the symptoms of which are exacerbated only during exercise or physical exertion. Even people, including Olympic champions who do not suffer from asthma, may experience some asthma symptoms during intense training.
During exacerbation of asthma, the peak of the maximum narrowing of the airways occurs five to twenty minutes after the start of the exercise, which makes breathing more difficult. Other symptoms may also appear that are characteristic of an asthma attack, for example, wheezing and coughing. You may need to use an inhaler (bronchodilator) before starting exercise to prevent these unpleasant symptoms. What and how to do, tell the doctor in charge.
With asthma, which is called a cough, a strong cough is a predominant symptom. Cough may have other causes, for example, postnasal congestion, chronic rhinitis, sinusitis or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD or heartburn).
Asthma is a serious cause of a cough that often occurs today. Cough asthma is extremely poorly diagnosed and, therefore, difficult to treat. Most often, the causative agent of cough asthma is respiratory infections or physical exertion.
If you suffer from a prolonged cough, consult a doctor. Probably, it is necessary to pass specific tests that determine the presence of asthma, for example, a test of pulmonary functions, which will show how well and how well the lungs work. Before you can get a definitive diagnosis of asthma, you should also carefully examine the lungs, contact the appropriate specialist.
Occupational asthma is a type of asthma, the causative agents of which are at your work. Suffering from this type of asthma, you probably suffer from exacerbation of symptoms from Monday to Friday, but at the weekend you feel great.
Most people with this type of asthma suffer from a runny nose and stuffy nose, watery eyes or a coughing instead of a typical wheezing.
The types of occupations associated with the development of occupational asthma include animal breeding specialists, farmers, hairdressers, nurses, artists, carpenters.
Night Asthma is a type of one of the most common asthma. If you have a similar type of asthma, then most likely the symptoms will be manifested at night during sleep, which is predetermined by the cycle of sleep-wakefulness (circadian rhythm). Symptoms of nocturnal asthma include wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath. They are very serious, especially during sleep.
Studies have shown that most of the deaths due to asthma occur at night. It is assumed that this may be due to excessive contact with allergens (pathogens of asthma), supercooling of the airways, horizontal position of the body or even hormonal changes that violate the rhythm of the zirconia. Sometimes the cause of asthma at night can be heartburn. Sinusitis and asthma can also create serious problems during sleep, especially with a postnatal run-off, which provokes symptoms such as coughing. Even sleep itself changes the working capacity of the lungs and airways.
If you have asthma and you notice that the symptoms of an impending attack start to appear in the evening, it’s time to visit a doctor and find out the causes of asthma exacerbation, so do not postpone it for later. Proper medications and proper administration of them are a key moment in managing asthma symptoms and normalizing sleep.
A variety of diseases can cause an exacerbation of certain symptoms of asthma. For example, cardiac asthma is a form of heart failure, in which some symptoms are similar to those of normal asthma.
Vocal cord dysfunction is another disease, similar to asthma. Recently, there has been a significant increase in interest in the peculiar syndrome, in which vocal cord dysfunction causes wheezing and is therefore often confused with asthma. This is more common in girls in the form of loud and strong wheezing, which does not respond to drugs that open the airways.