Prevention of asthma
If you have asthma, then you should know a few basic points about preventing asthma. Although there is no remedy that would get rid of asthma once and for all, there are ways that will reduce the exacerbation and frequency of symptoms such as coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath or shortness of breath.
Definition of pathogens of asthma
Certain pathogens cause an exacerbation of a number of symptoms. These can be dust mites, environmental pollution, cold air, a catarrhal disease virus, sinusitis and asthma at the same time, cigarette smoke, strong odors. It is very important to determine the causative agents of asthma.
Within a few weeks, follow the symptoms of asthma by noting and recording all environmental factors and the emotional state that could trigger an asthma attack. When an asthma attack begins, look in the diary and find out which factor or combination of factors preceded the attack. Some pathogens of asthma are not always obvious, for example, the products of the life of ticks or cockroaches. Consult your physician about the possibility of taking an allergic reaction test or a radioallergosorbent test to determine allergens to which the body can be particularly sensitive. After that, you will be able to minimize contact with such pathogens.
If you have stress asthma or plan strong physical activity, or exercise in cold air, in a very humid room or, on the contrary, in a very dry place, then follow the advice of your doctor and the prescribed treatment (an inhaler with an albuterol content is usually used).
Prevention of an allergic reaction
If you have both allergies and asthma, it is very important to take preventive measures at home. Asthma attacks (exacerbation of symptoms) can be caused by an allergy, which temporarily increases the inflammatory processes of the airways. If you avoid or at least minimize contact with the allergen, asthma attacks can be prevented.
Smoking and asthma are an undesirable combination. It is better to reduce contact with any kind of smoke, including tobacco, from candles, bonfires, fireworks, and incense. Do not allow smoking at home and in the car, try to avoid public places where smoking is allowed. If you smoke cigarettes, seek help to effectively and quickly quit. Smoking always worsens the condition of the disease.
Among other things, try to avoid contact with people with viral or colds, as the symptoms of asthma can get worse if you catch an infection. Wash your hands thoroughly after touching the things of a person infected with respiratory infections.
Protection against allergens
Whether you are at work, at home or on a business trip, there are certain ways to protect yourself from the effects of allergens and thereby reduce the likelihood of exacerbation of asthma symptoms. For example, do not eat in restaurants where it is allowed to smoke and heavily smoked – this is the first cause of asthma. If traveling, please book a non-smoking room in advance. Carry bed linens and pillows if the hotel uses down for bedding (and down – a good home for dust mites, which are also the causative agents of asthma).
Get a flu shot
Every year, try to get a flu shot, which greatly exacerbates the symptoms of asthma. People with asthma may experience complications after the flu, like pneumonia, and may even require hospitalization. Also, vaccinate against pneumonia every ten years. People with asthma are twice as likely to pneumococcal pneumonia, a common type of viral pneumonia.
If the doctor has discovered a tendency to allergies, immunotherapy can help prevent further development of allergies and asthma symptoms. Immunotherapy is the injection of small doses of an allergen (substances that cause an allergic reaction in your body) under the skin at regular intervals. After some time the body gets used to the allergen and already begins to respond less sharply to it, and, accordingly, the frequency of exacerbations of asthma symptoms decreases.